Base Camp Birds

The following is a collection of information and photos of the birds that can be seen in Yellow Pine.  Some of the birds live here year around, some are here for the summer, and some are just passing through.  (Sort of like our human residents!)  This page will be updated as time permits.  (This page last updated 10-08-03)
The photos have been pilfered from various places on the internet.  The "Identification Tips" have all come from the
Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter (Gough, G.A., Sauer, J.R., Iliff, M. Patuxent Bird Identification Infocenter. 1998. Version 97.1. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD.)  Please visit their website for photographs, songs, videos, identification tips, maps, and life history information for North American birds.
~ by clicking here.   
Page Updated 07-31-04

"Full Timers" at Base Camp

American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 5.75 inches.  Slender bill. Slate-gray body with browner head. Frequently bobs very short tail. Pale legs
Sexes similar. Juvenile paler.
Found along streams in mountains-often feeds under water

Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 5.75 inches.  Very small black and white woodpecker. Very short bill. Mostly black head set off by broad white supercilium and lower border to auriculars. Black nape. White back. Black wings with white spotting on coverts and flight feathers. White underparts. Black rump. Black tail with white outer tail feathers barred with black.
Adult male:  Red spot at rear of head
Similar species: Hairy Woodpecker is most similar, but is larger, with a longer bill, entirely white outer tail feathers, and a different call.

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 7.5 inches.  Medium-sized black and white woodpecker. Fairly long bill. Mostly black head set off by broad white supercilium and lower border to auriculars. Black nape. White back. Black wings with white spotting on coverts and flight feathers. White underparts. Black rump. Black tail with white outer tail feathers.
Adult male:  Red spot at rear of head

Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 19 inches Wingspan: 42 inches.  Sexes similar, but females much larger. Medium-sized, broad-winged, long-tailed hawk/ Short, dark, hooked beak. Rounded wings. Long tail rounded at tip. Flies with several flaps and short glide, also soars frequently. Short, dark, hooked beak. Long, very thick tarsi appear short at rest.

Adult:  Red eye. Blackish head and face with bold white supercilium. Gray back and upperwings. Pale gray chin, throat, breast, underwing coverts and belly finely vermiculate. White undertail coverts. Tail dark blue-gray above and pale below, barred with dark bands. Flight feathers dark blue-gray above and pale below, barred with black.
Immature:  Yellow eye. Brown head with bold white supercilium. Brown back and upperwings. White belly boldly streaked with black to undertail coverts. Tail, brown above and pale below, marked by jagged bars edged narrowly in white.
Similar species:  Adults unmistakable when seen well; at a distance, Goshawks distinctively combine the large size of a buteo and the broad-winged, long-tailed shape and quick wingbeats of accipiters. Immature Northern Goshawks are similar in shape and patterning to immature Cooper's, but are much larger, with proportionately shorter tails, bulkier bodies and thicker black streaking extending all the way to the undertail coverts. Sharp-shinned Hawks are typically much smaller, with shorter, squared-off tails and shorter heads that do not project as far when flying. Immature Red-shouldered Hawk has pale crescents in the wing and a shorter tail

Common Raven Corvus corax  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 21 inches.  Entirely black plumage. Larger than crows. Wedge-shaped tail. Relatively short legs.

Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 4 inches.  Straight gray bill. Black crown and eyeline with white supercilium. White lower face and throat. Blue-gray upperparts. Reddish underparts. Short tail. Sexes similar but female duller. Feeds by hopping along tree trunks and branches often hanging upside down. Most often found in pine trees.

Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 11 inches.  Black sturdy bill. Black crest and head. Forehead and throat may have some white flecks. Dark blue body. Wings and tail have dark bars. Dark legs.

"Snow Birds" at Base Camp:

American Robin Turdus migratorius  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 8.5 inches.  Black to dark gray head. Broken eye ring. Dull red breast and belly. White undertail coverts. Gray upperparts. Streaked throat. Thin yellow bill. Sexes similar-female somewhat paler. Winter plumage is somewhat paler than Summer plumage. Juveniles have spotted, whiter breasts.
Common in residential areas where it often forages on lawns. Often sings very early in morning. Often found in large flocks outside of breeding season.

Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 3 inches.  Long, straight, thin bill. Small hummingbird. Bright green back and crown. White underparts with greenish flanks.
Adult male:  Iridescent purple gorget at lower throat. Black face, chin, and upper throat. Entirely dark tail.
Female/Immature:  White chin and throat with variable amounts of thin dark streaking. Dark tail with white tips on outer tail feathers.

Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 7.25 inches. Large, conical bill. Yellow wing linings.
Adult male:  Deep orange breast, collar and underparts. Black head and upperparts. White undertail coverts. White wing bars and wing patches. White spots in black tail. Male in Fall and Winter is duller, browner
Adult female:  Black and white crown stripes. Buffy underparts with streaking at the sides. Dark gray upperparts. Immature plumages similar to adult female.

Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 8 inches.  Sharply-pointed bill.
Male:  Entirely black plumage with purple gloss to head. May have gray edges in Fall and Winter to upperparts and pale supercilium.
Pale eye.
Female:  Dark eye.  Dark gray plumage.

Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 6.5 inches.  Short, conical bill. Dark eyes. Frequents open habitats. When feeding on ground often cocks its tail. Often found in large flocks in migration and winter.
Adult male:  Brown head. Black body, wings and tail.
Adult female:  Grayish-brown plumage-darker on upperparts. Underparts faintly streaked. Throat pale
Juvenile browner and streakier than adult female with pale edging on wings

Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 2.75 inches.  Very small hummingbird. Relatively short tail does not extend past wings at rest. Relatively short bill. Bright green back and crown. White underparts.
Adult male:  Gorget composed of purple-red streaks on white background. Greenish flanks.

Dark tail without white tips.
Female/Immature:  White chin and throat with thin dark streaking. White underparts with pale salmon wash on flanks. Dark tail with a trace of rufous color and white tips on the outer tail feathers.
The streaked gorget of adult males should make them instantly identifiable. Calliope is the only species where the tail does not extend past the wings when at rest.

Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 6 inches.  Conical bill. Short, forked tail. Streaked undertail coverts. Distinctive call note often given in flight.
Male:  Purplish-red head, breast, back and rump. Streaked back. Brown wings and tail. Immature male resembles female
Female:  Brown crown and cheek patch contrasting with pale supercilium and malar streak. Heavily streaked underparts. Brown upperparts.
Similar species:  The male Cassin's Finch is similar to the House Finch but lacks brown streaks on the belly, has a more purple head, shorter forked tail and different call notes. Female House Finch lacks the distinctive face pattern of the female Cassin's Finch. Purple Finch is very similar in all plumages but has unstreaked undertail coverts and a smaller bill. Male Cassin's has a brighter red crown. Female Cassin's has finer streaking on the breast and a less noticeable face pattern. Pine Siskin is similar to female but smaller and lacks face pattern. Sparrows are slimmer with longer tails and different markings.  (To hear a Cassin's Finch, double click on the blue 1.)

Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 5.75 inches.  Short, thin bill. Pale brown crest. Black eye patch and chin. Pale brown head fading into pale yellow belly. White undertail coverts. Dark brown back. Dark wings with thin, red bar. Black tail with yellow tip. Juveniles have much duller, grayer head and body with blurry streaks on underparts.
Frequently found in large flocks feeding on fruit

Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 4.75 inches.  Dark, conical bill. Rusty crown. White supercilium and black eyeline. Gray face and underparts. Tan back with dark streaks. Brown wings with wing bars. Gray rump. Slim, forked tail. Sexes similar. Fall and Winter plumage has different head pattern: brown crown with fine dark streaks and pale median crown stripe, buff supercilium, pale bill with dark tip and brownish cheeks.
Juvenile plumage (Summer and Fall) similar to Winter but duller with streaked underparts.

Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 5 inches.  Tiny bill. Pale orange rump and forehead (dark in some southwestern birds)
Blackish cap, throat and upperparts. Side of neck brown. Tip of tail squared. Juveniles similar to adults but duller. Most often seen flying. Will nest communally in mud nests under bridges, in barns and caves, etc.

Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 5.25-6 inches.  Pink, conical bill. White outer tail feathers. Considerable geographic variation in plumage. Various forms were formerly considered separate species.
Oregon junco:  Dark gray head and breast. Brown back and wings. Buffy flanks. White belly,
Female and immatures somewhat duller than male.

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 6 inches.  Pointed bill-yellow for most of year, dark in fall. Black plumage with green and purple iridescence. White spots scattered about head and body-largest in fall. Dark wings and tail. Pointed wings. Short tail. Juvenile gray-brown with faint streaking

below. Very common-frequently seen in large flocks.
Similar species:  The European Starling is somewhat similar to blackbirds, cowbirds and grackles but has a shorter tail, chunkier body, white spots on the head and body (most evident in fall), and a yellow bill (not evident in the fall).

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 7.25 inches.  Large, pale, conical bill. Short tail. Distinctive call note often given in flight. Frequently gathers in flocks
Male:  Yellow forehead, supercilium and body. Brown head and upperback. Black wings and tail. Large white patch in wing.
Female:  Gray upperparts. Pale gray underparts. Black wings and tail. White patches in wings.

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 10.5 inches.  Sexes similar. Medium-sized, somewhat slender dove with very thin neck. Black bill.
Adult:  Pale buff-brown head, neck, breast, and belly. Purple and green iridescence on neck.

Small black mark on lower neck. Medium brown back and upperwings, with large black spots on coverts. Long tail is pointed at tip. Dark brown tail with white tips to outer four tail feathers
Juvenile:  Dark brown mottled head neck and breast. Scaly neck and upperwings with numerous black spots on coverts and scapulars. Pale belly. Medium length tail is pointed at tip.

Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 10.5-11 inches.  Large woodpecker. Brown back and wings barred with black. Black crescent on upper breast. Beige breast and belly spotted heavily with black. White rump (obvious in flight.) Tail dark above. Two color forms, formerly separate species
Red-shafted:  Breeds in western United States and Canada. Tail and underwings are entirely red below, and retricies and primaries have red shafts. Brown crown. Gray face. Adult male has red whisker.

Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 4.25 inches.  Small, seed-eating bird. Short, conical bill. Brown upperparts with heavy streaking. Pale underparts with heavy streaking. Yellow patches in wings and tail-not always visible. Short, forked tail. Distinctive call note given in flight.
Similar species:  The Pine Siskin can be identified by its yellow patches in the wings and tail. When these are not visible, as on a perched bird, it can look like a sparrow. It is smaller than sparrows and lacks a pale supercilium.

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 5.5 inches.  Large bill with crossed tips. Short, forked tail. Distinctive call note often given in flight. Most often found in pine trees. Often found in flocks.
Male:  Dull red head and body. Blackish wings and tail.
Female:  Dull gray plumage. Dull yellow crown, breast and rump. Juveniles resemble females but more heavily streaked.

Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 3.5 inches.  Long, straight, thin bill. Small hummingbird.
Adult male:  Rufous face, back, flanks, rump, and tail. Occasionally variants occur with variably greenish backs and crowns. Bright orange-red gorget. White breast.
Female/Immature:  Green back and crown. White underparts. White throat variably marked with dark streaks (immatures) or central group of red spots (adult females.) Rufous wash on flanks. Immature males similar to adult female but central tail feathers like adult male (rufous with dark tips.) Dark tail with rufous at the bases of the retrices, and white tips on the outer three retrices.

Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 10.5 inches Wingspan: 21 inches.  Sexes similar, but females much larger. Small, broad-winged, long-tailed hawk. Short, dark, hooked beak. Long, narrow tarsi. Short, rounded wings. Long tail is squared-off at tip with prominent corners. Typically flies with several quick snappy wingbeats and a short glide, but also soars. Small rounded head does not project far beyond wings when soaring.
Adult:  Red eye. Black cap. Blue-gray back and upperwings. White breast, belly and underwing coverts marked by fine, thin, reddish bars. White undertail coverts. Tail, blue gray above and pale below, barred with black bands. Flight feathers, blue-gray above and pale below, with dark bars.
Immature:  Yellow eye. Brown head with indistinct pale supercilium. Brown cap, nape,

back, and upperwings. Tail, brown above and pale below, barred with black bands. White underparts streaked extensively with dark brown, almost to the undertail.
Similar species:  The Sharp-shinned Hawk is most similar to the Cooper's Hawk. In all plumages, the Sharp-shinned Hawk has a shorter, less rounded tail with a thinner white tip, slimmer tarsi, a more rounded head that does not project much beyond the wings when soaring and a less snappy wingbeat. Male Sharp-shinned Hawks are obviously smaller than all Cooper's Hawks. Adult Sharp-shinned Hawks have a less well-defined cap while immatures have thicker, more extensive streaking on the breast and belly. Immature Northern Goshawks are quite similar to immature Sharp-shinneds but are much larger, more comparable in size to a buteo. American Kestrel is similar in size but has pointed wingtips and quite different patterns.

Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 5 inches.  Tiny bill. Iridescent blue-green upperparts. White underparts. Forked tail. Female duller than male. Juvenile dull brown above and may have hint of a gray breast band. Most often seen flying. Nests in cavities near water. Often found in large flocks.  Swallows often call in flight and these calls are excellent clues to identification.

White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 5.75 inches.  Pink, conical bill (yellow in some populations.) Black and white head stripes. Gray face and underparts. Tan back with dark streaks. Brown wings with wing bars. Long tail. Sexes similar. Immature plumage (Fall and Winter) similar to adult but has brown

and gray head stripes. Juvenile plumage (Summer) similar to immature but duller with streaked breast

"Weekenders" at Base Camp

Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 32 inches Wingspan: 80 inches.  Sexes similar. Very large, broad-winged, broad-tailed hawk. Rounded wings. Thick, hooked bill. Plucks fish from water with talons.
Adult:  White head and upper neck. White tail. Dark brown body plumage. Yellow bill.
Immature:  Dark bill and dark cere. Dark brown body plumage, including head and tail. Variable amounts of white on underwing coverts, belly, and back. White head and tail, and dark underwings are gradually acquired in four years.

Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 11 inches.  Long, pointed bill. Pale gray plumage. White around base of bill and undertail coverts. Black wings with white patch on secondaries. Black tail with white outer tail feathers.

Gray Jay Perisoreus canadensis  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 10 inches.  Short, sturdy, dark bill. White forehead, face and underparts. Dark cap and nape (variable amounts of dark depending on range.) Gray upperparts. Juveniles very dark.

Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 4.5 inches.  Small, conical bill. White wing bars.
Adult male:  Deep blue head and upperparts. Orange breast. White belly and undertail coverts. Blackish wings and tail.
Adult female:  Dark brown upperparts. Warm brown underparts. Immature plumages similar to adult female-immature male can have blue patches.

Mountain Chickadee Poecile gambeli  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 4.25 inches.  Short bill. Black crown and throat. White supercilium. White face. Gray upperparts. Grayish-white underparts. Gray flanks. Sexes similar. Often found in small flocks.

Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 15 inches.  Very large (crow-sized) black and white woodpecker. Prominent red crest at rear of head. White throat. Entirely black body plumage at rest except a white line that extends from bill down sides of neck to upper flanks. In flight shows pale bases to primaries on upperwing and entirely white underwing covert.
Adult male:  Red forehead. Red malar area.
Adult female:  Black forehead. Black malar stripe.

Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 18 inches Wingspan: 48 inches.  Sexes similar. Short, dark, hooked beak. Large, broad-winged, broad-tailed hawk. Immatures have notably narrower wings and tail, and appear slimmer. Dark patagial mark on underwing, present on all ages and races, is unique
Blocky translucent area in outer primaries. Flies with a dihedral. Extraordinary geographic variation.

Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 7.25 inches.  Sharply-pointed bill. Frequents marshy habitats in summer, open habitats at other times of year. Often flocks with other species of blackbirds.
Adult male:  Bright red patch on wings bordered by yellow (border missing in some races.)

Black plumage. Immature male similar to adult male but has pale supercilium and brown edges to black feathers.
Adult female:  Pale supercilium. Heavily streaked underparts. Upperparts brown and white. Sometimes has yellow tinge to face and throat. Females very dark in some races. Juveniles similar to adult females.

Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 5.5 inches.  Conical bill. Brown crown. Grayish face and supercilium. Brown streak extends behind eye. Thick malar streak. Brown back with darker streaks. Brown wings with some rust. Underparts white with heavy dark streaks and central breast spot. Long, brown, rounded tail. Sexes similar. Juvenile (Summer) similar to adult but buffier. Considerable variation in plumage across its range from dark to rusty upperparts and in bill size and shape.

Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 6.25 inches.  Pointed, but fairly stout, pale bill. Inhabits treetops.
Adult male alternate:  Bright red face. Yellow neck, underparts, rump and shoulder. Black back, wings and tail. White wing bar.
Adult female:  Yellow head and underparts. Olive-gray back. Gray wings with white wing bars.
Basic and immature plumages similar to female.

"Tourists" at Base Camp

American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 4.25 inches.  Small, seed-eating bird. Short, conical bill. Short, forked tail.
Male alternate:  Plumage held in Spring and Summer. Black forehead. Yellow head, back, breast and belly. Black wings and tail. White wing bars and tertial edges. White rump and undertail coverts.  Pale bill and legs.
Female alternate:  Greenish upperparts. Yellow underparts. Pale bill and legs.
Basic:  Plumage held in Fall and Winter . Yellow face. Brownish-olive upperparts. Whitish underparts. Blackish wings with pale wing bars.

Northern Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 7 inches.  Sharply-pointed bill.
Male:  Black crown, nape, eyeline, throat, back, wings and tail.  Orange face, underparts and rump.  Orange outer tail feathers.  White wing patch and edges.  Immature male similar to female but brighter orange with variable amounts of black on head.
Female:  Grayish upperparts. Dull yellowish breast and undertail coverts. Gray belly. Two wing bars.

Pine Grosbeak  Pinicola enucleator ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 7.75 inches.  Large, conical bill. Long, forked tail. Distinctive call note often given in flight. Frequently gathers in flocks.
Male:  Pinkish-red head, breast, back and rump.  Streaked back. White undertail coverts. Black wings and tail. White wing bars and tertial edges
Female:  Yellowish-olive head and rump. Gray underparts and back. Black wings and tail. White wing bars and tertial edges.

Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 7.25 inches.  Large, conical, pale bill.
Adult male:  Rosy-red, triangular breast patch.  Black head and upperparts.  White underparts.  White patches in wing.  White spots in black tail.  Rosy-red wing linings.  Male in Fall and Winter is duller, browner.  Immature male similar to adult male in Fall and Winter but duller.
Adult female:  Black and white crown stripes. White underparts with extensive streaking. Dark gray upperparts. Yellow to yellowish-orange wing linings. Immature female similar to adult female.  Juvenile has buffy breast.

Rufus-sided Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 7.25 inches.  Conical bill. Red eye.  Rusty sides.  White belly.  Buffy undertail coverts.  White wing bars and spots on back.  Long tail with white outer tail feathers.  Male has black head, back, wings and tail-paler in female.  Juvenile (Summer) heavily streaked, brown above and buffy below.  Frequently feeds on the ground where it noisily scratches for food.  Formerly conspecific with Eastern Towhee

Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 8.5 inches.  Sharply-pointed bill.  Buff and brown head stripes.  Yellow underparts with black "v" on breast.  White flanks with black streaks.  Brown upperparts with black streaks.  Brown tail with white outer tail feathers.  Juvenile and winter plumages somewhat duller.  Frequents open habitats

Yellow-rumped (Audubons) Warbler Dendroica coronata  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 4.75 inches.  Small, active bird.  Bright yellow rump.  Thin, pointed bill-but sturdier and thicker than most warblers.  White spots in tail.  Winters farther north than other warblers. 
Adult male-western(Audubon's Warbler):  Dark gray head and back.  Broken eye ring.  Small, yellow, crown patch.  Yellow throat.  Yellow patch at side of breast.  Black patches on upper breast extend as streaks onto flanks.  White underparts.  White wing patch.

Look who's coming to "dinner" at Base Camp!

Blue Grouse Dendragapus obscurus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 17 inches.  Medium-sized, stocky, round-winged, chicken-like bird. Long, squarish tail.
Adult male:  Yellow to orange comb over eye. Yellow or purple-red (Rocky Mountain ssp.) neck sac, inflated in mating display, surrounded by white feathers. Entirely dark plumage with faint mottling about back and upperwings. Gray terminal band on tail (absent in northern Rocky Mountain birds.)
Adult female:  Brown plumage with dark brown and white marking to underparts. Brown tail with grayish terminal band.

Chukar Alectoris chukar  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 10 inches.  Sexes similar. Stocky, ground-dwelling quail with short, rounded wings. Short, thick, red bill. Red eye
ring. Black band above bill, through the eye and across upper neck. Buff face and throat enclosed by black necklace. Blue-gray crown, nape, breast and back, with a brownish suffusion on the back. White belly. Black bars on pale flanks. Rufous outer tail feathers visible in flight. Red legs and feet.  Immatures similar to adults

California Quail Callipepla californica  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 8 inches.  Small, chunky, short-tailed, round-winged ground-dwelling bird. Immature similar to female
Adult male:  Black, forward-tilting, teardrop-shaped crest. Pale buff forehead. Dark brown

cap. Black face. White border to face. Blackish nape stippled with white spotting. Dark blue-gray chest. Brown back and upperwings. Buff belly with darker scaly markings and chestnut center. Brown flanks with white streaks
Adult female:  Short, curved, dark brown, teardrop-shaped crest. Gray or brown head, chest, back, and upperwings. Chestnut flanks with white streaks. Pale belly with darker scaly markings.

Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus  ~  Identification Tips:
Length: 14 inches.  Sexes similar. Medium-sized, stocky, round-winged, chicken-like bird. Crest at top of head. Blackish ruffs on sides of neck. Head, neck, and back brown or gray. Breast whitish with brown and black bars and chevrons. Long, squarish tail. Tail brown or gray with narrow black and pale bars and broad blackish subterminal band.